Production Guide - Mixing & Mastering

EQ - Sculpting Sound

A Neve 1073 EQ being used during mixing and mastering

EQ, short for equalization, is the technique of boosting or cutting chosen frequencies of a sound during mixing.

Think of it as a sophisticated version of the treble and bass controls on a hi-fi.

Common uses include things like bringing out the thump of a bass drum or the crack of a snare.

The Power Of Compression

A Universal Audio Teletronix LA-2A compressor being used during mixing and mastering

The dynamic range of an instrument is the difference between its loudest and most quiet sound.

Using compression gives us the ability to reduce this range and help make an instrument blend into a mix.

It is also used to add power to an instrument, vocal or the complete mix.

The Use Of Reverb

Studio 2 Abbey Road

Reverb is the reflected sound you hear when in any enclosed space. It ranges from a short sound, as in a living room, to a long echo you would hear in a cathedral.

The first artificial reverbs were simply a speaker and microphone in a reflective chamber. Later techniques use metal springs, a suspended metal plate and digital algorithms.

We use the sound of Studio 2 in Abbey Road for our short reverb and the sound of an EMT140 plate for the longer.

The clip below features a solo vocal with, at first, no reverb, then with Studio 2 room sound, then finally the sound of the plate is added.

Mastering

A selection of music distrubution outlets for Mastered Media

The various music delivery mediums require tracks to have a specific loudness, referred to as 'Loudness Units'.

The mastering stage of production ensures the various master files comply with these requirements.

It is also quite common to add extra compression and EQ at this stage if the mastering engineer thinks it would improve the overall sound of the track.

Additionally, vinyl masters require specific technical adjustments before they can be cut to disk.

We can master your track for the following distribution mediums:

  •  YouTube
  •  Apple Music
  •  Spotify
  •  Tidal
  •  Other online media
  •  CD
  •  Vinyl

We hope you've found this guide useful.
Please get in touch with us if you have any questions or would like to discuss your project.

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